Man with a pan: A Social Cognitive Theory driven nutrition workshop in older male populations

Downey, Abbie (2017) Man with a pan: A Social Cognitive Theory driven nutrition workshop in older male populations. Masters thesis, St Mary's University, Twickenham.

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Abstract

Background. The population of older adults is rising at an unprecedented rate. Nutrition education interventions are cost effective approaches to increasing health status in older adults but evidence on dietary change is conflicting. Frameworks suggesting the inclusion of behaviour change, hand-on activities and targeted messages should be used to ensure interventions are effective. Objective. The aim of this study is to construct and implement nutrition cooking workshops that target SCT constructs, in order to promote positive dietary change in male older adults. Design. A quasi-experimental study design was used. 21 participants were recruited from a convenience sample in south-west London (control n=11, intervention n=10). The intervention group attended six nutrition, cooking workshop. All participants completed General Nutrition Knowledge and Social Cognitive Theory Questionnaires and one day food diaries at baseline and six weeks. The intervention group also completed forms at 14 weeks. Results. The intervention group saw positive, significant improvements from baseline for: nutrition knowledge (t= -2.709, p <0.05), ‘intentions’ (t= -4.443, p <0.05), ‘outcome expectations’ (x2= 6.4, p< 0.05), saturated fat intake (x2= 6.632, p <0.05) and salt (t=4.087, p <0.05). Conclusion. Significant differences were identified in the intervention groups’ nutrition knowledge, dietary intake and social cognitive constructs when compared to baseline. The current study employed techniques recommended by frameworks and can attribute successful outcomes to the elements employed. Further studies need to encompass a wider older adult audience, especially those considered ‘hard to reach.’

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: older adults, nutrition education intervention, nutrition knowledge, social cognitive theory, dietary intake
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 641 Food & drink
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Kevin Sanders
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2017 08:44
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2017 09:44
URI: http://research.stmarys.ac.uk/id/eprint/1476

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