The Effects of a Single Dose of Concentrated Beetroot Juice on Performance in Trained Flatwater Kayakers

Muggeridge, David J. and Spendiff, Owen and Pedlar, Charles and James, Philip E. and Eaton, Chris (2013) The Effects of a Single Dose of Concentrated Beetroot Juice on Performance in Trained Flatwater Kayakers. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism. ISSN 1526-484X (In Press)

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Official URL: http://journals.humankinetics.com/ijsnem

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of dietary nitrate ingestion on parameters of submaximal and supramaximal exercise and time trial (TT) performance in trained kayakers. Eight male kayakers completed four exercise trials consisting of an initial discontinuous graded exercise test to exhaustion and three performance trials using a kayak ergometer. The performance trials were composed of 15 min paddling at 60% of maximum work rate, five x ten-second all-out sprints and a 1 km TT. The second and third trials were preceded by ingestion of either 70 ml nitrate-rich concentrated beetroot juice (BR) or tomato juice (placebo [PLA]) 3 h prior to exercise using a randomised cross-over design. Plasma nitrate (PLA: 33.8 ± 1.9 μM, BR: 152 ± 3.5 μM) and nitrite (PLA: 519.8 ± 25.8, BR: 687.9 ± 20 nM) were higher following ingestion of BR compared to PLA (both P < 0.001). VO2 during steady-state exercise was lower in the BR trial than in the PLA trial (P = 0.010). There was no difference in either peak power in the sprints (P = 0.590) or TT performance between conditions (PLA: 277 ± 5 s, BR: 276 ± 5 s, P = 0.539). Despite a reduction in VO2, BR ingestion appears to have no effect on repeated supramaximal sprint or 1 km TT kayaking performance. A smaller elevation in plasma nitrite following a single dose of nitrate and the individual variability in this response may partly account for these findings.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 600 Technology > 612 Human physiology
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Jonathan Lucas
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2013 14:38
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2013 14:38
URI: http://research.stmarys.ac.uk/id/eprint/370

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