Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis

Hill, Jessica and Howatson, Glyn and Van Someren, Ken A. and Leeder, Jonathan and Pedlar, Charles (2013) Compression garments and recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage: a meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 0306-3674 (In Press)

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092456

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of compression garments on recovery following damaging exercise. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted using studies that evaluated the efficacy of compression garments on measures of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), muscular strength, muscular power and creatine kinase (CK). Studies were extracted from a literature search of online databases. Data were extracted from 12 studies, where variables were measured at baseline and at 24 or 48 or 72 h postexercise. Analysis of pooled data indicated that the use of compression garments had a moderate effect in reducing the severity of DOMS (Hedges' g=0.403, 95% CI 0.236 to 0.569, p<0.001), muscle strength (Hedges' g=0.462, 95% CI 0.221 to 0.703, p<0.001), muscle power (Hedges' g=0.487, 95% CI 0.267 to 0.707, p<0.001) and CK (Hedges' g=0.439, 95% CI 0.171 to 0.706, p<0.001). These results indicate that compression garments are effective in enhancing recovery from muscle damage.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: EPub ahead of print
Uncontrolled Keywords: DOM -- Exercise physiology -- Muscle damage/injuries -- Training
Subjects: 600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 612 Human physiology
700 The arts; fine & decorative arts; recreation > 796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Catherine O'Sullivan
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2013 14:13
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2013 14:13
URI: http://research.stmarys.ac.uk/id/eprint/407

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