Relative intensity influences the degree of correspondence of jump squats and push jerks to countermovement jumps

Cushion, Emily J. and Goodwin, Jon E. and Cleather, Daniel J. (2016) Relative intensity influences the degree of correspondence of jump squats and push jerks to countermovement jumps. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research:, 30 (5). pp. 1255-1264. ISSN 1064-8011

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000001211

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the mechanical similarity between push jerk (PJ) and jump squat (JS) to countermovement jump (CMJ) and further understand the effect increasing external load may have on this relationship. Eight physically trained males (age 22 ± 3; height 176 ± 7 kg; weight 83 ± 8 kg) performed an unloaded CMJ followed by JS under a range of loads (10%, 25%, 35% and 50% 1RM back squat) and PJ (30%, 50%, 65% and 75% 1RM push jerk). A portable force platform and high speed camera both collecting at 250 Hz were used to establish joint moments and impulse during the propulsive phase of the movements. A standard inverse dynamics model was used to determine joint moment and impulse at the hip, knee and ankle. Significant correlations (p<0.05) were shown between CMJ knee joint moment and JS knee joint moment at 25% load and PJ knee joint moment at 30% and 50% load. Significant correlations were also observed between CMJ knee joint impulse and JS knee joint impulse at 10% load and PJ knee joint moment at 30% and 65% load. Significant correlation was also observed between CMJ hip joint impulse and PJ hip joint impulse at 30% load. No significant joint x load interaction was shown as load increased for either PJ or JS. Results from the study suggest partial correspondence between PJ and JS to CMJ, where a greater mechanical similarity was observed between the PJ and CMJ. This interaction is load and joint dependent where lower relative loads showed greatest mechanical similarity. Therefore utilising lower relative loads when programming may provide a greater transfer of training effect.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 600 Technology > 612 Human physiology
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Jonathan Lucas
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2016 15:11
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 00:30
URI: http://research.stmarys.ac.uk/id/eprint/947

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