Ladders and Snakes in Second Language Fluency

Peter, Skehan and Foster, Pauline and Shum, Sabrina (2016) Ladders and Snakes in Second Language Fluency. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 54 (2). pp. 97-111.

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This article reports a study comparing first and second language fluency during narrative retelling tasks of varying degrees of tightness in structural organisation, exploring in particular a distinction between discourse-based and clause-based fluency. We argue that positive and negative influences on fluency are linked to the Conceptualiser and Formulator stages of Levelt's model of speaking. Task structure and degree of subordination, which were related to greater fluency for both native and non-native speakers, are Conceptualiser and discourse oriented. Formulaic language, which was also related to fluency, is more Formulator and clause oriented. Contrastingly, higher lexical sophistication and longer clauses are associated with clause-linked fluency problems, but only for native speakers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 400 Language > 407 Education, research & related topics
400 Language > 410 Linguistics
School/Department: School of Arts and Humanities
Depositing User: Pauline Foster
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2017 08:19
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2017 00:30


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