An inductive exploration into the flow experiences of European Tour golfers

Swann, Christian and Crust, Lee and Keegan, Richard and Piggott, David and Hemmings, Brian (2015) An inductive exploration into the flow experiences of European Tour golfers. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 7 (2). pp. 210-234. ISSN 2159-676X

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This study explored perceptions regarding the experience of flow in elite golf; a sport which is different to those studied previously due to its self-paced, stopstart nature. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 European Tour golfers. Whereas the majority of previous studies have deductively coded data into Csikszentmihalyi’s dimensions, the data in this study were analysed inductively. Thirteen categories were generated which described the flow experiences of these golfers, and these were compared with the original flow dimensions after analysis. In contrast to previous understanding, these golfers reported being aware that they were in flow as it occurred, and seemingly were able to manage their flow experiences. A category describing altered cognitive and kinaesthetic perceptions was also generated which was not accounted for in the existing flow framework, while the participants also suggested that flow was observable (e.g. through changes in behaviour). Findings are discussed in relation to the existing literature, and recommendations made for future research including possible revisions to the flow framework to better describe this experience within golf and other sporting contexts.

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 700 The arts; fine & decorative arts; recreation > 796 Athletic & outdoor sports & games
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Jonathan Lucas
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2016 10:06
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2016 10:06


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