Identifying the mechanisms underpinning recognition of structured sequences of action

Williams, A. Mark and North, Jamie S. and Hope, Edward R. (2012) Identifying the mechanisms underpinning recognition of structured sequences of action. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65 (10). pp. 1975-1992. ISSN 1747-0218

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2012.678870

Abstract

We present three experiments to identify the specific information sources that skilled participants use to make recognition judgements when presented with dynamic, structured stimuli. A group of less skilled participants acted as controls. In all experiments, participants were presented with filmed stimuli containing structured action sequences. In a subsequent recognition phase, participants were presented with new and previously seen stimuli and were required to make judgements as to whether or not each sequence had been presented earlier (or were edited versions of earlier sequences). In Experiment 1, skilled participants demonstrated superior sensitivity in recognition when viewing dynamic clips compared with static images and clips where the frames were presented in a nonsequential, randomized manner, implicating the importance of motion information when identifying familiar or unfamiliar sequences. In Experiment 2, we presented normal and mirror-reversed sequences in order to distort access to absolute motion information. Skilled participants demonstrated superior recognition sensitivity, but no significant differences were observed across viewing conditions, leading to the suggestion that skilled participants are more likely to extract relative rather than absolute motion when making such judgements. In Experiment 3, we manipulated relative motion information by occluding several display features for the duration of each film sequence. A significant decrement in performance was reported when centrally located features were occluded compared to those located in more peripheral positions. Findings indicate that skilled participants are particularly sensitive to relative motion information when attempting to identify familiarity in dynamic, visual displays involving interaction between numerous features. (Authors' abstract)

Item Type: Journal Article
Subjects: 100 Philosophy & psychology > 158 Applied psychology
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Jonathan Lucas
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 10:03
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2013 10:03
URI: http://research.stmarys.ac.uk/id/eprint/538

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