The Prevention and Treatment of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage.

Howatson, Glyn and Van Someren, Ken A. (2008) The Prevention and Treatment of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage. Sports Medicine, 38 (6). 483 - 503. ISSN 01121642

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Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) can be caused by novel or unaccustomed exercise and results in a temporary decrease in muscle force production, a rise in passive tension, increased muscle soreness and swelling, and an increase in intramuscular proteins in blood. Consequently, EIMD can have a profound effect on the ability to perform subsequent bouts of exercise and therefore adhere to an exercise training programme. A variety of interventions have been used prophylactically and/or therapeutically in an attempt to reduce the negative effects associated with EIMD. This article focuses on some of the most commonly used strategies, including nutritional and pharmacological strategies, electrical and manual therapies and exercise. Long-term supplementation with antioxidants or ß-hydroxy-ß-methylbutyrate appears to provide a prophylactic effect in reducing EIMD, as does the ingestion of protein before and following exercise. Although the administration of high-dose NSAIDs may reduce E

Item Type: Journal Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Myalgia; Exercise; Physical training & conditioning; Stretching exercises; Massage therapy; Muscle strength; Sports medicine; Physical education; Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents
Subjects: 600 Technology > 612 Human physiology
600 Technology > 617 Surgery & related medical specialties
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: Catherine O'Sullivan
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2012 16:25
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2012 16:25


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