Prevention of enamel demineralization after tooth bleaching by bioactive glass incorporated into toothpaste

Gjorgievska, E. and Nicholson, John W. (2011) Prevention of enamel demineralization after tooth bleaching by bioactive glass incorporated into toothpaste. Australian Dental Journal, 56. pp. 193-200. ISSN 0045-0421

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Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of bleaching on the structure of the enamel layer of teeth and the potential of the commercial bioactive glass NovaMin� in two different toothpastes to remineralize such regions of the enamel. Three aspects were considered: the extent and nature of the alterations in the enamel after application of the bleaching agents; the extent of remineralization after application of two commercial toothpastes containing bioactive glass; and whether or not there were differences between the toothpastes in terms of their effectiveness in promoting remineralization. Methods: Bleaching agent based on 16% carbamide peroxide was applied to the enamel surface of freshly extracted human molars for 8 minutes, once a day for 7 days. After the bleaching cycles, the enamel surface was analysed by SEM and EDX. Results: The results obtained in the study lead to the conclusion that application of 16% carbamide peroxide causes distinct morphological changes to the enamel surface which vary from mild to severe. Subsequent treatment with either of the toothpastes containing the bioactive glass NovaMin� resulted in the formation of a protective layer on the enamel surface, consisting of bioactive glass deposits, with only slight differences between the two brands. Application of these dentifrices also caused increases in the Ca and P content of the enamel layer, returning it to that of undamaged enamel. Conclusions: Remineralizing toothpastes should be used after bleaching, in order to repair any damage to the mineral tissue caused by these procedures.

Item Type: Journal Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioactive glass; Bleaching, Demineralization; Enamel; Remineralization; Toothpaste
Subjects: 500 Natural sciences & mathematics > 540 Chemistry
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
School/Department: School of Sport, Health and Applied Science
Depositing User: John Nicholson
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2014 09:21
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2014 09:21


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